I will examine parts of the paper by Linoli, in terms of the claim that the blood and flesh are somehow miraculously preserved and fresh.(miraculously preserved and fresh for the means of this write up will be defined as follows: shows no signs of decay, tested for biological activity, presence of proteins and minerals in equal amounts to those present in fresh human blood.)
The flesh was found to be of human cardiac tissue, which is not surprising. But what of the claim that this was miraculously preserved.
At last, the action of long centuries on the Miraculous tissue, provoked the loss of anatomic pieces and consequently only one cavity was formed.
Therefore, it is evident that without any cover, all the fluid phase inside the tissue was lost, making it mummified and reducing its size, that results lower compared to a normal heart.
The surface is smooth, never raised or chapped or carved. We can widely notice little white spots strewn sometimes chapped, or like millet-seed, often flowing, soft, detachable, not belonging to any tissue trace, hardly diluted into a physiological solution (the microscopic investigation, revealed hyphomycetes colonies, from evident contamination). On the peripheral side of the tissue round sheet there are little holes, ancient signs of nail crossings.
The tissue structure appears markedly abnormal due to the lack of histochemical detectability of nuclei and to some degree of global homogenization.
Considering the nail holes in many points of the frame, we must conclude that the Miraculous Heart fragment which appeared on the altar of the little Church in Lanciano consisted of living material therefore tending, due to subsequent "rigor mortis", to concentrical retraction; the Basilian monks tried to prevent it, by nailing the Heart Fragment on a wood piece, and this, already small, retracted again in centrifugal direction, finally tearing upThe above are direct quotes from the journal article. Rigor mortis does not set in on fresh tissue samples! I don't think that I even need to rebut the claims that this is fresh tissue samples, it even had saprophytes growing on it.
Next the blood, as I quote again.
A minute Blood fragment has been included in paraffin according to Lenzi's technique.That means that no cellular structures were identified, meaning no recognizable cells were left in the sample. Fresh blood contains blood cells, it is a contradiction to say that something is miraculously fresh when cellular structures and cells are no longer present. Foreign bodies of vegetable origin? The samples were contaminated also with an untested foreign vegetable.
At the Emallume-Eosine staining, no cellular element can be detected, with the exception of a yellow-dark-green granular material with foreign bodies of vegetable origin.
Teichmann's reaction modified by Bertrand with hydrochlorate hematine and Takayama's reaction with hemo-chromogen, have been carried out on the ancient Blood in Lanciano with negative results, together with human Blood samples normally dried, which gave positive results.This test showed negatives on both Teichmann's and Takayam's reactions, while showing positives on the dried control (lab blood). These tests don't work when the blood being tested is extremely decayed or contaminated. (Note how this also shows that the blood samples are not fresh or preserved miraculously, the article even states that the sample was denatured).
The negativity of Teichmann-Bertrand's test and Takayama's test does not exclude the presence of Blood, as these tests can become negative due to sample denaturation.
The percentage composition of proteins in the liquid tested is similar to that known for human normal Blood serum (Henry).
The protein content is as follows: albumin 61.93 % (normal values 52-68%). Alfa 1 globulin 2.38% (normal values 2.4-5.3%), Alfa 2 globulin 7.14% (normal values 6,6-13,5%), Beta globulin in 7,14% (normal values 8.5-14.5%), Gamma globulin 21.42% (normal values 10.7-21%).
Globulin-albumin ratio is of 1.62 the normal value being 1.13-1.73.
This study confirms the possibility that organic material (such as proteins) may be kept for a very long period, as if the fatal destiny of Flesh could be overcome.This study was done in the 1970's, today we find that serum proteins can and have been easily preserved under harsh circumstances. Proteins were extracted from samples over 4,000 years old and even from 100,000 year old from blood on tools that were exposed to nature and not kept inside a church.
The discovery of blood group AB proteins and antigens in the ancient Flesh and Blood in Lanciano after 1200 years, is in agreement with the discovery of proteins in Egyptian mummies dated since 4000 years (Hanseman), and since 5000 years (Meyer),
The paper even concedes on the point that organic materials may be kept for a very long period, as has already been observed in mummies at the time, where the techniques used in Linoli's experiments were developed.
While calcium was markedly increased, in the blood we found reduced levels of phosphorus, potassium and sodium. This mineral reduction can be ascribed to ageing processes or the progressive loss of tissue contents during the centuries, or to exchange of minerals between the tissue and the glass tube wall; to avoid this, in modern times, inert material containers are used for precious solutions.The discovery of reduced elements within the sample are a direct result of the aging process, as is described within the paper. Note that the following assumptions by Linoli were neither tested or verified.
The increase in calcium levels (mg. 114,29%) in the ancient Blood in Lanciano can be related to falling into the goblet of building powder enriched with calcium salt, or to the vegetable fragments (flowers) found during the histological study of Blood.The calcium levels are through the roof, (11times the normal amount, Did GOD have cancer? Or was he even human?) Also this is in obvious conflict with Linoli's recent assertions that the blood is the same as fresh human blood. Humans don't have these levels of elements in their blood!
I feel it necessary to address one more point before closing the case on this non-miraculous occurrence.
Supposing that the heart was taken from a dead body, we have to consider that only a trained hand in anatomic dissection could have obtained, with no difficulty, from a cave organ an "even and continuous slice" considering that the first anatomic dissections on human body, have been made after the 14th century (Diagnosis is fully confirmed by Prof. Ruggero Bertelli, Professor of Human Normal Anatomy at Siena University, whom I gratefully thank).The case was made that this heart piece could not have been cut by man. Taken from his very own paper. He says that someone needs to be trained in order to cut the piece of heart. Subjectivity at its best. Note how he does not assert that this task cannot be done by human hands, because your average med. school student could have cut the heart out better. Not only does this statement not belong in the paper it is outrageous, Linoli only examined a small fragment of the heart tissue, I guess they decided to neglect the holes made by nails in this decision.
In conclusion, I would like to say that this is a very poor excuse of a paper to be tauting around as scientific evidence for a miracle. Not only does the paper repeatedly say that the samples were decayed, but nowhere within the paper is anything miraculous. A piece of rigor mortis human tissue and some decayed blood samples remnants were examined. This paper in no way proves that the flesh is somehow GOD meat. If you do not agree with my interpretation of the paper you are welcome to it yourself as I have uploaded it at the bottom.
Warning Amateur psycho analysis incoming:
I think I know the problem with a large portion of religious people. They fail to question the things told to them by authoritative figures. When priests or their parents tell them "miracles exist and we have great evidence to back up all of our claims" I find it very sad that these people fail to ever actually critically exam what they are being told. Santa Claus is a fantasy for little children, GOD, religion, and miracles are the fantasies of grown-ups who never found reality.
A word of advice to any religious person who actually made it through my poor writing skills, check up on everything that is told to you as being true. The best advice anyone ever gave to me was this. During a conversation I had with an old friend from Denmark whom I met in my first semester of college. We were watching television and a preacher came on claiming that he could heal the sick, but he needed our money to continue doing it. My friend told me "look at that, religion is a joke" to which I replied "ya some of the things in the bible probably never happened", to which he replied "some things? The whole thing is bullshit, its all made up fantasy" and a light flashed in my head, "and I decided to check on the bible and guess what. Reading the bible made me an atheist. So I urge all of you to start reading bible, because reading the bible is probably the number 1 cause of Atheism.
Reuploaded this shitty paper since I see that people can't get it still: http://docs.google.com/fileview?id=0B9kNbgL3NNN1YTdmYzQ0ZTUtNjAxMS00NWI3LTgwOTgtOWMyNzgzOGY4MTNj&hl=en